The Associated Press reports that Russia is refusing to extradite Andrei Lugavoi, the man Scotland Yard suspects poisoned Alexander Litvinenko with a spot of tea brewed with deadly Polonium 210. This is likely no surprise to anyone involved, nor do I imagine highly irregular. I would guess that the U.S., which refuses to sign on to the International Criminal Court, is loathe to extradite its own citizens as well.
Nevertheless, my question — for the legal eagles out there — is this: what effect do the charges in Britain have on the life of Andrei Lugavoi? If he leaves Russia, where he is in effect protected for the present, does he suddenly become fair game for arrest and extradition? Will Lugavoi never be able to leave his own country again?
Further, is the protection from extradition — and I except here cases in which our human rights or humane treatment cannot be guaranteed in the receiving country — that may be granted by our countries outdated in the global age? Is justice being thwarted for some other principle that isn’t immediately obvious?